What is the New Testament?
Words and phrases take on new meanings as humans use them. For instance, the word "bible" just means "book." Common usage has given us the term "Bible" in reference to not just any book, but The Book. Interestingly, the Bible never calls itself the "Bible."
In the same way, the "New Testament" never calls itself the "New Testament." The phrase simply means new covenant, such as a contract or will (testament) that is put in force after someone dies:
- Hebrews 9:16 - In the case of a will, it is necessary to prove the death of the one who made it...(NIV)
- Matthew 26:28 - For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins. (KJV)
Mark 14:24 - And he said unto them, This is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many. (KJV)
Luke 22:20 - Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood, which is shed for you. (KJV)
1 Corinthians 11:25 - After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, this cup is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me. (KJV)
- Hebrews 9:17 - ...because a will is in force only when somebody has died; it never takes effect while the one who made it is living. (NIV)
- Romans 6:1-5 - What shall we say, then? Shall we go on sinning so that grace may increase? By no means! We died to sin; how can we live in it any longer? Or don't you know that all of us who were baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into his death? We were therefore buried with him through baptism into death in order that, just as Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, we too may live a new life.
If we have been united with him like this in his death, we will certainly also be united with him in his resurrection. (NIV)
- 2 Timothy 3:16 - All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness... (NKJV)
2 Peter 3:15-16 - ...and consider that the longsuffering of our Lord is salvation--as also our beloved brother Paul, according to the wisdom given to him, has written to you, as also in all his epistles, speaking in them of these things, in which are some things hard to understand, which untaught and unstable people twist to their own destruction, as they do also the rest of the Scriptures. (NKJV)
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